What is wine
The five different types of wine
1. White wine
Food pairing: If it is a light-bodied red wine, go with grilled vegetables, white meat or chicken. A medium-bodied to full-bodied can get along well with meat dishes such as steaks, hamburgers or smoked meat but when you feel like pairing wine with Asian dishes, Fish and shellfish, White meats
Types of white wine
Chardonnay: a classic grape variety that comes originally from Burgundy, France.
Riesling : This grape is from Germany. Mosel and Rhine wines of Germany are produced from this grape.
Sauvignon blanc : It is the principal grape variety used in the production of excellent white wines of Bordeaux and Loire valley.
Semillion: It is grown in the Graves, Sauternes, and Barsac regions of France.
2. Red wine
The red wine is made from red grapes, the colour of red wine ranges from purple when young to brick red as it ages. The skin is allowed to remain with the fermenting must either throughout the process or halfway through.
Food pairing – Creamy cheese (Soft Cheese), white bread, meat, fish, seafood or salads, Red meats, Blue-veined cheese, game
Types of red wine
Cabernet sauvignon : This is a black grape of remarkable quality, used in the production of the most prestigious chateaux wines of Medoc of the Bordeaux region of France.
Pinot noir: It is a classic grape variety of Burgundy and champagne.
Syrah : It is the main grape of northern Cotes du Rhone, Producing cote Rotie, Hermitage, st. joseph, and cornas.
3. Rose wine
Types of Rosé Wine
White Zinfandel : It’s sweet, versatile, and incredibly popular, especially in California. Expect notes of strawberry, raspberry, and melon.
Syrah (or Shiraz) Rosé (French and Australian naming conventions, respectively): It is deeper in colour than many other popular rosés. This Spanish beauty has notes of cherry, peach, and even savoury flavours, such as green olive.
Tempranillo Rosé : It is herbaceous with notes of green pepper, watermelon, and strawberry.
4. Sparkling wine
Sparkling wine can be Red, White or Rose. Sparkling wines are named for the region where they are produced, such as the province of Champagne in France.
Alcoholic percentage: 10 – 13 per cent.
Types of sparkling wine
5. Fortified wine
Alcoholic percentage: – 16 to 22 per cent abv.
Food Pairings: Soft cheeses, cake, vanilla pudding, biscotti, chocolate, and crème brûlée.
Types fortified wines
6. Dessert wine
Sweet wine comes from extra-sweet grapes! It is obtained when there is some sugar left after, fermentation, fermentation is stopped naturally by the manufacturer before the yeast converts all grape sugars into alcohol.
Types of Dessert Wines
- Sparkling Dessert Wine
- Lightly Sweet Dessert Wine
- Richly Sweet Dessert Wine
- Sweet Red Wine
- Fortified Wine